Medications, Miscellaneous

Medications Utilized In Physical Medicine and Pain Management

List of Pain Medications logo - ThePainSource**Click on some of the below pain medications for more information**


The information on this website is not intended to replace the advice or care from a healthcare provider. The information on this website is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments, or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visiting with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your healthcare provider because of any information you obtain on this website. Discuss any activities presented in this website with your healthcare provider before engaging in the activity.


Neuropathic Pain Agents:

  • Gabapentin – Neurontin
  • Pregabalin – Lyrica
  • Carbamazepine – Tegretol, Tegretol XR
  • Lamotrigine – Lamictal, Lamictal XR
  • Oxcarbazepine – Trileptal
  • Topiramate – Topamax
  • Valproic acid
  • Lacosamide – Vimpat
  • Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)


  • Codeine
  • Propoxyphene – Darvon, Darvocet – now banned by FDA and not available in the USA due to heart arrhythmia risks
  • Meperidine – Demerol
  • Tramadol – Ultram, Ultram-ER
  • Hydrocodone – Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Vicodin, Zydone, Hysingla ER
  • Oxycodone – Percocet, Percodan, Roxicodone, OxyContin, Xartemis
  • Hydromorphone – Dilaudid, Exalgo
  • Oxymorphone – Opana, Opana ER
  • Morphine sulfate – MS Contin, Kadian, Avinza, Embeda
  • Methadone
  • Tapentadol – Nucynta
  • Fentanyl – Duragesic (transdermal), Actiq (lollipop), Fentora (buccal)
  • Butorphanol – Stadol
  • Buprenorphine – Buprenex, Subutex, Suboxone
  • Methylnaltrexone – Relistor (for opioid-induced constipation)


Muscle relaxants

Sleep Agents

  • Zolpidem – Ambien, Ambien CR
  • Eszopiclone – Lunesta
  • Ramelteon – Rozerem
  • Temazepam – Restoril
  • Trazodone – Desyrel


  • Topical lidocaine – Lidoderm
  • Topical low-concentration capsaicin
  • High-concentration capsaicin patch – Qutenza
  • EMLA cream (lidocaine/prilocaine)
  • Clonidine
  • Dextromethorphan
  • Memantine – Namenda
  • Mexiletine

Injectable Corticosteroids

**for details on all these corticosteroids, see my post titled “Corticosteroids in Pain Medicine

  • Insoluble / Suspensions / Particulates
    • Depo-Medrol (Methylprednisolone acetate)
    • Kenalog (Triamcinolone acetonide)
    • Celestone Soluspan (Betamethasone acetate and betamethasone sodium phosphate)
  • Soluble / Solutions / Non-particulates
    • Decadron (dexamethasone)
    • Betamethasone sodium phosphate (only available from compounding pharmacy)

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